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Imagine two people who have their data on a media, like hard drives. If they require sharing this information with one another What would they do?

This question is the foundation upon which the concept of networking is created. Two people can transmit the information to one another by copying the data to a movable drive , like flash memory, and then giving it to one another. This is fine when it isn’t occurring frequently. But what happens if two people need to share data daily or every hour? It would be difficult to communicate it each other , particularly if they’re live in different places.

The concept of networking has come from these situations. Instead of sharing information among two persons via movable devices, such as floppy disks quickly connect their computers with one another. Anyone who wishes to send the data to his companion can effortlessly transfer it via the network.

What is the best way for data to be transferred over the network? By connecting computers of different individuals to one another via cables, the data will be easily transferred. This means that the media will be cables instead of moving devices, but it could be a wireless devices. Wireless devices transmit the data through air using electromagnetic waves. They will be electrical impulses in the event that the data is sent via cables.

Networks can actually be used to share data , but additionally to exchange devices like CD-ROM and printers. A floor-level user could use a printer that connects to another computer on another floor by via the network. Similar is the case for CD-ROM. This needs to be configured on both the computers using an operating system. The advantages of networking make it possible for people to connect remote devices to their workplace. Additionally, it reduces costs due to the fact that one printer or CD-ROM can be used by everyone in the network.

The network will be comprised of printers and computers. The computers in the network are responsible for transmitting information to one another. One computer can also utilize its printer for printing out documents. If the network was like this, it would be called peer-to-peer. In this scenario all computers are identical and share the same processing capabilities. Also, the information is shared equally across all of them. There isn’t a single device with more data on it’s hard drive.

However If there is at minimum one computer on the network with more data stored and has more processing speed and power The scheme will be referred to as server-based network. The computer with greater storage capacity for data and more processing power is known as the server. This model can be described as a server-client model as all other computers on the network with standard processing capabilities will be regarded as clients and will need information to the server. The internet is built on this model where computers at home are considered to be clients and the computers which serve them are known as servers. The most widely used type of server is called the web server that sends out pages to clients at home or in offices.

Computer Networking – Definitions and Basics